Eramet: EBITDA at €630m in 2019, reflecting good operating performance, in a deteriorated manganese price environment

Mittwoch, 19.02.2020 18:45 von GlobeNewswire - Aufrufe: 503

Paris, 19 February 2020, 6:45 p.m.


Eramet: EBITDA at €630m in 2019, reflecting good operating performance, in a deteriorated manganese price environment

  • Sales down 4% in 2019 financial year at €3,671m in a contrasted price environment: sharp decline in manganese ore prices by -21% on average over the year and rise in nickel prices at the LME of +6%
  • New operational records for the Mining and Metals division1, above targets set for 2019:
    • Manganese ore production: 4.8 Mt vs. target at 4.5 Mt
    • Nickel ore exports: 1.6 Mwmt vs. target at 1.5 Mwmt
    • Mineral Sands production: 735 kt vs. target at 720 kt
  • EBITDA at €630m, in line with guidance, including mainly an unfavourable impact of -€268m due to manganese prices versus 2018
  • Non-recurring items in the High Performance Alloys division (-€114m) and high tax charges in Gabon, resulting in positive income before taxes of €89m and a negative net income, Group share of -€184m
  • Net debt of €1,207m excluding the impact of IFRS 16 (€1,304m published) corresponding to a gearing2 of 74% excluding the impact of IFRS 16. Measures launched to preserve the Group’s cash position
  • CSR performance rating up to 112 points, 12 points above targets for 2019
  • Strategic roadmap breakthroughs expected in 2020, despite a less favourable economic environment:
    • Manganese ore production target of more than 5 Mt
    • Continued implementation of SLN rescue plan: target to export 2.5 Mwmt in nickel ore
    • Production start-up at Weda Bay (Indonesia) expected as early as H1
  • New modular approach for the production capacity expansion project of the mine in Moanda, Gabon
  • Lithium development project in Argentina on hold: subject to meeting launch requirements
  • Thanks to expected and major intrinsic progress, and factoring in deteriorated manganese market conditions, EBITDA forecast for 2020 should be close to €400m assuming January 2020 market conditions3, and without recognising to date the potential impact related to the Coronavirus4 epidemic.


Christel BORIES, Eramet Chairman and CEO:

"In 2019, we have made major breakthroughs in implementing our strategic roadmap again and we have improved our intrinsic performance. We achieved production records in all our mines and the strong increase in nickel ore exports in New Caledonia demonstrates the relevance of SLN’s business model.

2020 marks a key milestone in our transformation. This year we will start up our plant in Weda Bay in Indonesia; we will expand mining production in Moanda in Gabon; we will continue implementing the SLN rescue plan and a normal level of activity should resume at Aubert & Duval.

In an uncertain start to the year, particularly for China, which is facing a difficult period, more than ever we stay close to our employees and customers; we would like to express our solidarity with the Chinese people. In light of the volatile and deteriorated global economic environment, we have decided to adopt a cautious and controlled strategy for our cash position. We have thus revised the scope and schedule for our investment projects, specifically in Gabon and Argentina. The Group is also considering initiatives to strengthen its financial structure such as disposals or partnerships.

Initial results are on track and the fundamental pillars of our strategy are robust, in particular our ambition to diversify our assets in order to better balance our risks, with a sustainable and responsible approach that involves all of our stakeholders. Now more than ever, agility, responsiveness and control of our financial equilibrium are key to make progress in our long-term profitability targets."


Eramet’s Board of Directors met on 19 February 2020, under the chairmanship of Christel BORIES, and approved the financial statements for the 2019 financial year5 which will be submitted for approval at the General Shareholders’ meeting on 26 May 2020.


The total recordable injury rate (FR26) declined considerably again in 2019, from 8.3 to 5.4, down 35%, thanks to increased commitment and vigilance shown from all employees. However, the Group was very saddened to report the deaths of four people during the course of the year, of which one employee of a subcontractor. Safety of each and every one with a zero-tolerance policy for severe accidents remains the first priority for the Group.

Eramet group key figures

(Millions of euros)1 2019 20182 Change (€m) Change3 (%)
Sales 3,671 3,825 (154) -4%
EBITDA 630 843 (213) -25%
Current operating income (COI) 341 581 (240) -41%
Net income, Group share (184) 53 (237) n/a
Free Cash-Flow (358) (211) (147) -70%
Net debt (net cash), excl. IFRS 16 impact 1,207 717 490 +68%
Gearing4, excl. IFRS 16 impact 74% 38% +36 pts n/a
Gearing4, incl. IFRS 16 impact 80% 38% +42 pts n/a
ROCE (COI/capital employed5 for previous year) 12% 22% -10 pts n/a


1 Data rounded up to the nearest million. 2019 figures after application of IFRS 16 on 1st January 2019, except for net debt and gearing. The comparative table is presented in Appendix 7, not significant impact on EBITDA and COI
2 Until 2018, data adjusted from Group reporting in which joint ventures are accounted for using proportional consolidation. The reconciliation with the published financial statements is presented in Appendix 6
3 Data rounded up to higher or lower %
4 Net debt-to-equity ratio
5 Total shareholders’ equity, net debt, restoration provisions, restructuring and other social risks, less long-term investments, excluding Weda Bay Nickel capital employed


N.B.: all the commented changes in FY 2019 are calculated with respect to FY 2018, unless otherwise specified.

The Group’s FY 2019 sales totalled €3,671m, down 4%. At constant scope7,[8] and exchange rates8, the change in sales declined 8%, mainly owing to the decline in manganese ore prices, in addition to the supply chain situation at Aubert & Duval, due to bringing quality processes into conformity.

Group EBITDA ended at €630m, down -€213m, impacted by a -€268m manganese price effect and -€49m due to supply chain difficulties at Aubert & Duval. Operating improvements (+€39m) were also penalised by the strikes in H2 2018 and H1 2019 at SLN, which affected ore supplies and operations at the Doniambo plant, as well as by an increase in transport costs at Comilog. These effects hindered the operational breakthroughs made in 2019, specifically production records in the mines.

The Group’s current operating income ended at €341m, down 41%.

Income before tax amounted to €89m, after recognition of -€118m in non-operating income and expenses, including a provision for an asset impairment at Erasteel (-€25m), and -€134m in financial result.

Net income, Group share reported a loss of -€184m, after writing down a -€227m tax charge. This charge is largely owing to taxes in Gabon (-€147m).

Capex has been focused on modernising industrial tools and preparing strategic projects. Related cash outflow totalled €423m, of which €132m in preparation work for the two strategic projects in Gabon and Argentina.

Free Cash-Flow (FCF) ended at -€358m at end-December 2019, of which -€274m in non-recurring items. This includes the -€160m non-recurring effect related to supply chain difficulties at Aubert & Duval, of which -€80m due to the strong increase in work-in-progress inventories. FCF was also penalised by a -€114m payment made to the Gabonese government related, on the one hand, to the advance and exceptional payment of corporate income tax, and on the other, to the payment of a tax audit.

Finally, dividends paid to Eramet shareholders and Comilog minority shareholders in respect of the 2018 financial year amounted to €20m and €86m respectively.

Net debt stood at €1,207m, excluding the IFRS 16 impact. Eramet has applied IFRS 16 since 1st January 2019 with a simplified retrospective application, resulting in an increase of €97m, with no impact on cash, and total recorded net debt of €1,304m.

Financial strategy

In 2019, the Group set up a Term Loan, with a 2-year maturity and an option that can be exercised by Eramet to extend it to January 2024. The financing amounts to €350m, thanks to participation from eight French and international banks. It’s the first time two of these banks are working with Eramet.

At 31 December 2019, Eramet’s financial liquidity remained high at €2.3bn, including available cash of €848m in the balance sheet.

The evolution in the Group’s financial ratios (gearing at 74% excluding IFRS impact and gearing at 63%9 within the meaning of the financial covenants) drove management to start an action plan. The Group took measures to maintain cash position, including strict industrial capex control, with the aim of controlling the level of net debt and preserving gearing. The Group might also plan initiatives to strengthen its financial structure such as disposals or partnerships.

Moreover, a proposal not to pay out any dividends in respect of the 2019 financial year will be made at the Shareholders’ general meeting held on 26 May 2020.

Key figures by activity

(Millions of euros)1 2019 20182 Change (€m) Change3 (%)
Manganese BU Sales 1,765 1,857 (92) -5%
  EBITDA 560 784 (224) -29%
Nickel BU Sales 778 738 40 +5%
  EBITDA 38 (18) 56 n/a
Mineral Sands BU4 Sales 286 212 74 +35%
  EBITDA 106 62 44 +70%
A&D and Erasteel Sales 847 1,020 (173) -17%
  EBITDA (26) 46 (72) n/a


1 Data rounded up to the nearest million. 2019 figures after IFRS 16 application on 1st January 2019. The comparative table is presented in Appendix 7
2 Until 2018, data adjusted from Group reporting in which joint ventures are accounted for using proportional consolidation. The reconciliation with the published financial statements is presented in Appendix 6
3 Data rounded up to higher or lower %
4 Mineral Sands activity fully consolidated in the Group’s accounts as of 1st July 2018, versus 50% previously


§  Mining and Metals Division

Manganese BU

The Manganese BU’s sales, which accounts for 48% of the Group’s consolidated sales, fell by 5% to €1,765m in 2019, compared with 2018. Despite significant increases in ore production levels (+10%), ore and alloys market prices declined considerably, particularly at year-end, generating EBITDA at €560m, down 29%.

Market trends & prices

Global production for carbon steel, the main end-market for manganese, reached a record level of 1,86710 Mt in 2019, up 3.6%10, despite a slowdown in H2. This growth was almost exclusively driven by strong demand in China (+8.3%10 at 996 Mt, representing 53% of global production), supported by the construction and infrastructure markets. Production was down across the rest of the world (-1.3%10), most notably with a sharp decline in the European market (-5.1%10), whereas the Indian market trended upwards (+1.8%10).

In order to respond to growing ore consumption, and considering that manganese ore prices were kept at high levels for the first nine months of the year, all producers continued to operate at full capacity. This resulted in a slightly surplus supply/demand balance over the 2019 financial year. As a result, ore inventories in Chinese ports amounted to 4.7 Mt10 at end-2019, up 1.6 Mt10 versus end-2018.

CIF China 44% manganese ore market prices trended very negatively in Q4 (-34%11 vs. average for first 9 months of the year) resulting in an average price of $5.63/dmtu11 in 2019, down 21% on 2018 ($7.16/dmtu11). In euros, the decrease only amounted to 17% over the year, given the appreciation of the dollar.

In 2019, the market environment also remained unfavourable for manganese alloys, which were adversely impacted by a slowdown in Europe, linked on the one hand to the sudden decline in the automotive market and on the other to protectionist measures taken by the United States, which are weighing on European steel production. Manganese alloys’ prices fell in Europe, particularly for refined ferromanganese (-7%11) and silico-manganese (-5%11).


In Gabon, Comilog set a new record for ore production at 4.8 Mt (+10%), greatly exceeding the target of 4.5 Mt set for 2019. This excellent performance reflects continued operational improvements in mines, complying with CSR standards. It was achieved thanks to the new dry ore processing process started end-2018, which extracted approximately 0.5 Mt of ore during the year.

Thanks to logistics improvements, produced and transported manganese ore volumes increased by 17%, to 4.6 Mt. The renovation programme for the Transgabonese railway has shown signs of success. Global freight volume (mining and others) increased 22% in 2019 from 2018 (+70% since the programme started end-2016), benefitting all Gabonese economic stakeholders. 2019 marked a key milestone with the establishment of the new traffic control centre equipped with digital communication resources with mobile trains. A total of €166m in capex has been made as part of the programme since its launch in 2016, with €19m paid for by the Gabonese government.

Thus, external ore sales grew 15% to 3.9 Mt over the same period.

Manganese alloys production totalled 740 kt in 2019 (+3%). Sales volumes were up 4% to 733 kt, propelled by standard alloys (+16%), with a decrease in refined ferromanganese alloys (-8%) due to a sharp downturn in the market. This unfavourable mix in addition to the margin squeeze for manganese alloys - particularly due to the downward momentum in sales prices - adversely affected performance in this activity.


The growth outlook for global carbon steel production remains favourable in the short and medium term.

Mine reserves in Moanda, Gabon, allow a manganese ore production capacity of approximately 7 Mt in the long-term. In 2019, Eramet thus continued its brownfield expansion study for the mine aimed at the development of the Okouma plateau, in parallel with the Bangombé plateau currently in operation. Cash outflow for preparation work in 2019 totalled €51m. The target set for manganese ore production in 2020 is more than 5 Mt. 

The expansion project was reviewed based on a new modular approach. This approach optimises capex and is based on the start of production at the Okouma plateau and on the intensified use of the alternative dry processing for the entire mine. This process gives greater flexibility in mining operations and extends the mine life.

Looking ahead, the modular approach shows an initial production improvement phase of around 25% on 2019, representing approximately 6 Mt. This phase will account for overall capex estimated at €150m over a 2-year period. The schedule for roll-out is being finalised with our partner, the Gabonese government.

Nickel BU

The Nickel BU’s sales increased 5%, ending at €778m in 2019 with EBITDA of €38m. SLN12 EBITDA stood at €59m, up 74% from 2018. In a favourable price environment, SLN recorded the initial effects of its rescue plan, despite operating performance that was strongly impacted by a decline in ferronickel production due to disruptions and strikes in the mines. At the same time, the Sandouville plant’s operating loss was halved, with EBITDA of -€21m.

Market trends & prices

The 2019 financial year was marked by continued trade tensions between the United States and China, as well as the September announcement in Indonesia to ban exports of nickel ore that has not been transformed locally, effective 1st January 2020. This measure is aimed at profoundly affecting market equilibrium for the various players.

After slightly increasing in H1 (+2.1%13 vs. H1 2018), global stainless steel production grew considerably in H2, reaching a record level of 51.7 Mt in 2019, up 4.2%13. Production in China increased from 12.2%13 to 29.6 Mt and slowed in the rest of the world (-4.8%13). Indonesia continued to present a unique situation with stainless steel production up 4,7%13, due to the start of locally integrated production upstream from NPI (“Nickel Pig Iron” [14]).

Demand for primary nickel was up 3.6%13 over the period to 2.4 Mt, boosted by both stainless steel and the development of electric vehicle batteries, which grew by 30%13 in 2019 (to 176 kt of primary nickel).

In parallel, global primary nickel production was up significantly (+8.9%13) to 2.3 Mt at end-2019, driven by continued growth in NPI (“Nickel Pig Iron”14) production in Indonesia and China (+30%13), whereas traditional production was down slightly.

Considering a nickel supply/demand balance with a high deficit in 2018 (- 141 kt13), this production increase was nevertheless not enough to satisfy the change in demand, resulting in a further deficit of more than 31 kt13 in 2019. Nickel stocks at the LME15 and SHFE15 continued to fall, amounting to 191 kt at end-December 2019 (-31 kt vs. end-December 2018, i.e. -14%), equivalent to slightly more than 7 weeks of consumption (including nickel producers’ inventories), the lowest level since end-2006.

The average LME price was $6.31/lb in 2019, representing an increase of 6% from 2018 (average of $5.95/lb), largely owing to the early September announcement that the Indonesian ban was being reintroduced16. The average H2 price ended at $7.03/lb, up 26% from H1 ($5.59/lb). The increase in LME prices in euros was +12% on an annual basis, factoring in the appreciation of the dollar.

Parallel to this, the price of nickel seaborne ore (1.8% CIF China) also rose sharply in H2 compared with H1. The average price went from $50.68/wmt17 to $66.58/wmt17, an increase of +31%.


In New Caledonia, after a difficult first-half, impacted by strikes in one of the main mining centres, the second half of 2019 was marked by the continued implementation of the SLN rescue plan, whose effects were achieved in part.

In 2019, despite large-scale strikes in the first half, nickel ore production was up 15%, achieving a record18 of 4.7 Mwmt19. This was attributable to the new mine schedule working times applied since mid-May on all mining centres. The volume of low-grade ore exported exceeded the target set, ending at 1.6 Mwmt19(+32%). The new mine schedule working times in addition to further discussions with local inhabitants should confirm the target of reaching the 4 Mwmt export rate of ore in 2021.

Given the blockade of mining centres on the East coast, supply to the ore smelting furnaces at the Doniambo plant remained disrupted for the entire year, with a 13% (47 kt) decrease in ferronickel production in 2019. Ferronickel sales volumes also fell by 15% to 47 kt over the same period.

Despite the implementation of new organisations at the mine and plant, the considerable decrease in ferronickel volumes weighed on SLN’s cash-cost, which ended at $5.91/lb in 2019. Cash-cost substantially improved in H2, at $5.74/lb ($6.05/lb in H1), particularly due to export volumes and the increase in the market price of ore following the announcement of the Indonesian ban.

On this basis, SLN generated cash in H2 2019, specifically in the fourth quarter.

In November, the Group achieved a third milestone20 in the implementation of the rescue plan by signing an agreement with Enercal, SLN’s electricity provider. Through this agreement, Eramet achieves a third21 of the required target to reduce energy prices. Other options are still being discussed with local partners in order to identify additional initiatives that will be key to achieving the overall objective of SLN’s rescue plan.

The intrinsic reduction cash-cost target of $1.30/lb22on a full-year basis in 2021 remains dependent on the plan being rolled out without disruptions, especially with regard to social and societal aspects.

Moreover, digital transformation, specifically connected mines, should improve productivity. It is also a lever for performance improvement at SLN.

In addition, SLN’s newly-established business model significantly increases the company’s mining reserves and resources, particularly following the integration of lower grade tonnages for exports. SLN’s mineral resources increased approximately fourfold (~4), amounting to 19.4 Mt of contained nickel, with an average grade of more than 1.85%. This makes SLN one of the world’s leading mining operators.

At the Sandouville plant in Normandy, progress continued thanks to technical corrections implemented by an expert task force and strengthened site management. Nickel salt and high-purity nickel metal production roughly doubled (~2), versus 2018. This resulted in the plant doubling its sales to €90m. The loss was halved and cash consumption significantly reduced, with FCF of -€32m in 2019 (vs. -€54m). Factoring in the progress made in 2019, 2020 EBITDA should be close to break-even.


At Weda Bay, Indonesia, as part of a partnership with Tsingshan, mining works started end-2019, with 900 employees currently working at one of the largest nickel deposits in the world. This mine will provide ore for several NPI14 plants situated on the island of Halmahera. The target for nickel ore production is 6 Mwmt in the long-run, with more than 3 Mwmt as early as of 2020. To allow the start-up of calcination and smelting operations at the JV plant with Tsingshan at Weda Bay, more than 0.5 Mwmt19 of nickel ore inventory was built up at end-2019.

At the same time, construction of this plant is in its latter stages. Production at the plant should start in H1 2020, ahead of the initial schedule. However, the Coronavirus epidemic could affect the activity’s launch schedule.

The ramp-up in the plant’s production is expected to be fast, with 80% of nominal capacity by end-2020, thereby benefitting from a favourable NPI environment thanks to the introduction of the Indonesian ban. The plant is expected to be well positioned as far as production costs are concerned with a cash-cost consistent with the best Indonesian producers.

Mineral Sands BU

This activity now contributes approximately 17% of the Group’s EBITDA, demonstrating the success of the Group’s strategy in mineral sands. TiZir’s sales grew 5% to €286m in 2019 (at comparable scope, full basis). EBITDA was up considerably by 32% at €106m, thanks to good operating performance and favourable prices.

Market trends & prices

Global demand for zircon decreased by 10% on 2018, largely due to a decline in the ceramics market (~50% of end-products for zircon). The other application areas (mainly chemicals and refractory materials markets) were stable overall during the year, with a year-end downturn for refractory materials. Zircon supply remained strong, generating a surplus zircon supply/demand balance for 2019.

Compared with levels at end-2018, prices gradually lowered in 2019, albeit maintaining a high level. On an average annual basis, premium zircon market prices rose to $1,575/t23, up 7% on 2018. Factoring in the currency effect, the price increase in euros was +13%.

Global demand for TiO2 pigments (~90% of end-products for titanium-based products) remained stable in 2019. Demand for high value-added raw materials producers bolstered demand in CP grade titanium slag as produced in Norway. The average price of CP grade titanium slag thus increased by 10% to $752/t 24 compared with 2018. Factoring in the currency effect, the price increase in euros was +16%.


Upstream, in Senegal, thanks to further improvements (+6%) in operating performance25, annual production for heavy mineral concentrates26 at the Grande Côte (GCO) site reached 735 kt, exceeding the target set. The decline in production (-5% vs. 2018) is an expected reflection of the lowest grade (-11% on average in 2019 vs. 2018) for the deposit area currently in operation following the mining plan.

Zircon sales volumes were down 11% in 2019 at 58 kt. H2 offset part of the decline of the start of the year (- 16% in H1).

Downstream, in TiZir’s Norwegian plant, titanium slag production remained stable at 189 kt, penalised by a metal casting incident, which resulted in a production shutdown for 4 weeks. Sales volumes decreased by 10% to 180 kt since the 2018 financial year benefitted from destocking effects.


With the medium-term in mind, the Group is reviewing options to debottleneck mineral sand production in Senegal, with a focus on organic growth for GCO production. Initial results for this study should be available in H2 2020. The aim is to optimise the use of available capacity in ore beneficiation plant as well as in transport, leading to step-by-step increases in production.

Furthermore, following a global international tender procedure, Eramet secured exploration permits on the rutile block of Akonolinga, in Cameroon. The three-year long permits will allow the Eramet teams to conduct the necessary fieldwork and feasibility studies. This long-term project, which is fully in line with Eramet’s exploration strategy, would provide a diversification of the Group product portfolio on the particularly attractive rutile market.

Lithium BU (Project)

In 2019, Eramet continued development works for its lithium deposit in Argentina, with an annual production target of 24 kt in LCE (Lithium Carbonate Equivalent). Capex for preparation work ended at €81m for the year, including the pilot plant on site. This pilot is currently operating in real conditions, confirming an excellent yield level to date, leading to a first quartile cash-cost position, amongst the most competitive in the industry.

The project is currently on hold and expenses have been reduced to a minimum, since required conditions for launch have not yet been met. This specifically applies to the Argentinian regulations’ context and to the economic environment.

§  High Performance Alloys division

The High Performance Alloys division’s sales were down 17% to €847m and EBITDA showed a loss of -€26m. This underperformance results from delivery delays at Aubert & Duval, in turn caused by bringing its quality process into conformity, and particularly deteriorated market conditions for Erasteel’s activity.

Market trends

In the aerospace sector, which accounts for more than 70% of Aubert & Duval’s sales, the market environment remains stable. Through a diversified product portfolio that covers medium and long-haul aircraft, the company was little affected by Boeing’s situation in 2019. The reduced Boeing 737MAX production rates and the announced Airbus A380 production shutdown were offset by record deliveries for the Airbus A320 aircraft and maintained production output for long-haul planes at Boeing.

Moreover, Aubert & Duval recently signed contracts with leading players in the aerospace and energy sector, paving the way to medium-term growth outlook and market share gains for the single-aisle programmes, landing gears and gas turbines segments.

Erasteel’s markets (high-speed steels) were adversely affected by the sharp slowdown in the automotive sector in Europe and China in 2019, which is expected to continue in the coming months. The company was also penalised by the increase in customs duties, which are heavily impacting the exports of high quality high-speed steels to the United States.


At Aubert & Duval27, sales declined considerably by 19% to €642m28, with EBITDA at break-even (vs. +€36m in 2018). Bringing quality processes into conformity continues with all customers concerned, and continued to weigh on deliveries, significantly impacting Aubert & Duval’s sales and performance. The momentum of the corrective action plan launched end-2018 enabled all sites to return to a normal billing rate since September, with the exception of Les Ancizes site, which nevertheless came close to a normal rate at year-end. In Q4, Aubert & Duval’s monthly billing rate came out 15% above the monthly average for the year, reflecting a general trend reversal in delays observed since September.

Delays in deliveries for the closed die-forged parts BU continue to decrease and a return to normal inventory levels is expected in 2020. Delays in Forged and Rolled Products BUs still remain significant, especially at Les Ancizes site. A specific action plan has been rolled out in order to increase capabilities for the final production and control phases.

Throughout the year, combined expertise and background work have been conducted, working closely with customers. All this work will continue in 2020. This expertise has resulted in in-depth restructuring of former production and management routines. This key structural initiative will extend throughout 2020. An additional accrual of €15m was booked in 2019 to take into account the estimated cost to date of processing this in-depth review of quality processes (especially expertise costs). Total costs are estimated to be €80m.

To date, Aubert & Duval has not been subject to any judicial developments as part of bringing its quality processes into conformity.

The ramifications of the logistics difficulties have adversely affected Aubert & Duval’s performance in 2019: -€49m impact on EBITDA, -€160m impact on FCF, including an increase in work-in-progress inventory levels (€80m).

At Erasteel, sales were down 10% at €205m in a strongly declining market. EBITDA recorded a loss of -€27m (vs. +€10m in 2018), also significantly penalised by the decline in raw material prices in recent months, particularly for cobalt and vanadium. Despite highly unfavourable market conditions, FCF showed marked improvement near break-even at -€3m. This was particularly due to well managed WCR and specifically stocks.

Factoring in Erasteel’s current market outlook, an asset impairment charge of €25m has been booked as other non-current income and expenses at end-2019.


Following a strategic review conducted in 2018 and actions to bring quality processes to conformity, the High Performance Alloys Division has launched a long-term in-depth restructuring programme. Several corrective actions are included:

  • restructuring organisations and reshaping former managerial routines,
  • reviewing portfolio of subsidiaries and focusing activities and capex on six key segments,
  • improving operating performance, particularly in safety, product quality control, customer service and equipment reliability.

The Group will continue to roll out these initiatives in 2020 to ensure a sustainable recovery in this division’s performance.

CSR roadmap

Eramet has a long-standing commitment to a responsible approach and continuous improvement. The Group makes Corporate Social Responsibility the key focus of its activities. In 2018, the Group set out its CSR roadmap, which connects key challenges affecting our society and the environment to Eramet’s strategic vision. This 2018-2023 CSR roadmap is based on three core components: acting as a committed player to women and men, a responsible economic player and a committed player to our planet. For each of the thirteen objectives that make up the roadmap, Eramet has set out quantitative and qualitative targets.

In order to assess overall progress in its Roadmap, Eramet measures its CSR performance index, which is based on yearly achievements. For the 2019 financial year, this index came out at 112, i.e. 12 points above the targets set for the year (the index measures overall average progress within the roadmap). Most of the objectives established for the year were achieved. More than half of them exceeded the agreed milestones. This particularly applied to three of the environmental objectives, focused on rehabilitation of mining sites, dust emissions and industrial waste valorisation.

Eramet’s growth strategy across all its subsidiaries is based on a sustainable and contributive foothold in its host countries, which is built in a spirit of partnership with all of its stakeholders. Eramet, a committed corporate citizen, is developing its projects in line with the highest international standards regarding the environment, society and ethics.


At the start of this year, Eramet is closely monitoring developments in the Coronavirus epidemic. China is the world’s largest consumer of manganese, nickel and raw materials in general.  To date, this epidemic has not significantly impacted the Group’s operations.

In the context of a deteriorated and uncertain economic environment, the Group faces numerous challenges but is pursuing the roll-out of its strategic roadmap in 2020, with a focus on the following objectives:

  • Manganese ore production target of more than 5 Mt
  • Continued implementation of SLN rescue plan: target to export 2.5 Mwmt in nickel ore
  • Starting-up production at Weda Bay (Indonesia) expected as of first-half 2020

Thanks to expected and major intrinsic progress, and factoring in deteriorated manganese market conditions, EBITDA forecast for 2020 should be close to €400m assuming January 202029 market conditions, and without recognising to date the potential impact related to the Coronavirus30 epidemic.


2019 annual results presentation

A live Internet webcast of the 2019 annual results presentation will take place on Thursday 20 February 2020 at 10:30am (Paris time), on our website: Presentation documentation will be available for the webcast.

To join the webcast, click on the link on the Group’s website (


28.04.2020: Publication of 2020 first-quarter sales

26.05.2020: General Shareholders’ meeting

29.07.2020: Publication of 2020 half-year results


Eramet, a global mining and metallurgical group, is a key player in the extraction and valorisation of metals (manganese, nickel, mineral sands) and the elaboration and transformation of alloys with a high added value (high-speed steels, high-performance steels, superalloys, aluminium and titanium alloys).

The Group supports the energy transition by developing activities with high growth potential. These include lithium extraction and refining, and recycling.

Eramet positions itself as the privileged partner of its customers in sectors that include carbon and stainless steel, aerospace, pigments, energy, and new battery generations.

Building on its operating excellence, the quality of its investments and the expertise of its employees, the Group leverages an industrial, managerial and societal model that is virtuous and value-accretive. As a contributive corporate citizen, Eramet strives for a sustainable and responsible industry.

Eramet employs around 13,000 people in more than 20 countries with sales of approximately €4 billion in 2019.

For further information, go to


Executive VP Strategy and Innovation - Investor Relations

Philippe Gundermann
T. +33 1 45 38 42 78

Investor Relations manager

Sandrine Nourry-Dabi
T. +33 1 45 38 37 02


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Communications Director

Pauline Briand
T. +33 1 45 38 31 76

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Marie Artzner
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§  Appendix 1: Sales



 (€ million)1 Q4 2019 Q3 2019 Q2 2019 Q1 2019 2019 2018


Manganese BU 434 427 470 434 1,765 1,857
Nickel BU 216 216 182 164 778 738
Mineral Sands BU2 85 62 80 59 286 212


A&D and Erasteel 232 192 206 217 847 1,020


Holding company & eliminations 1 (3) (2) (1) (5) (2)
Eramet group
Inc. joint ventures
968 894 936 873 3,671 3,825
Share in joint ventures 0 0 0 0 0 (100)
Eramet group
published IFRS financial
3 statements4
968 894 936 873 3,671 3,725


1Data rounded up to the nearest million.
2 Full consolidation of Mineral Sands in the Group’s accounts as of 1st July 2018.
3 Application of IFRS standard 11 “Joint Arrangements”.


§  Appendix 2: Productions and shipments

In thousands of tonnes Q4 2019 Q3 2019 Q2 2019 Q1 2019 2019 2018
 Manganese ore and sinter production 1,309 1,340 1,112 1,004 4,765 4,330
 Manganese ore and sinter transportation1 1,306 1,303 1,022 996 4,627 3,954
 Manganese ore external sales 1,322 911 861 776 3,870 3,368
 Manganese alloy production 163 201 185 191 740 720
 Manganese alloy sales 190 175 193 175 733 703
 Nickel ore production (in thousands of wet metric tonnes) 1,356 1,331 1,096 872 4,655 4,045
 Ferronickel production 12.5 11.1 11.6 12.2 47.4 54.3
 Nickel salts and high-purity nickel metal production 0.8 2 2.3 1.8 6.9 3.7
 Ferronickel sales 11.4 11.6 12.0 12.0 47 55.3
 Nickel sales and high-purity nickel metal sales 1.1 1.6 2.4 1.6 6.7 3.5
 Nickel ore sales
(in thousands of wet metric tonnes)
578 556 254 235 1,623 1,234
 Mineral Sands production 195 162 207 171 735 774
 Zircon production 15 12 16 15 58 64
 Titanium dioxide slag production 51 37 48 53 189 189
 Zircon sales 15 14 16 13 58 65
 Titanium dioxide sales 49 34 58 39 180 201


1 Produced and transported


§  Appendix 3: Price and index

  H2 2019 H1 2019 2019 2018 2019/2018 H2/H1 2019
Mn CIF China 44% (USD/dmtu)1 4.85 6.42 5.63 7.16 -21.3% -24.5%
Ferromanganese MC – Europe (EUR/t) 1 1,417 1,551 1,484 1,601 -7.3% -8.6%
Silico-manganese – Europe (EUR/t) 1 921 976 949 1,004 -5.5% -5.6%
 Ni LME (USD/lb)2 7.03 5.59 6.31 5.95  +6% +25.8%
 Ni LME (USD/mt) 2 15,489 12,325 13,907 13,118  +6% +25.8%
 Ni ore CIF China 1.8% (USD/wmt)3 66.58 50.68 58.63 54.44 +8% +31%
 Zircon (USD/t) 4 1,565 1,585 1,575 1,466 +7.4% -1.3%
 CP grade titanium dioxide (USD/t) 5 758 746 752 685 +10% +2%




1 Eramet calculation, based on CRU monthly price index
2 LME prices (London Metal Exchange)
3 CNFEOL prices (China FerroAlloy Online)
4, Eramet analysis (premium zircon)
5 Market analysis, Eramet analysis



§  Appendix 4: Sales and COI by activity

(€ million)1 2019 20182 Change (€m) Change3 (%)
Manganese BU Sales 1,765 1,857 -92 -5%
  Current operating income (COI) 459 699 -240 -34%
Nickel BU Sales 778 738 40 +5%
  COI (58) (111) 53 -48%
Mineral Sands BU4 Sales 286 212 74 +35%
  COI 64 35 29 +83%
A&D and Erasteel Sales 847 1,020 -173 -17%
  COI (68) (8) -60 n/a


1 Data rounded up to the nearest million. 2019 figures after IFRS 16 application on 1st January 2019. The comparative table is presented in Appendix 7.
2 Until 2018, data adjusted from Group reporting in which joint ventures are accounted for using proportional consolidation. The reconciliation with the published financial statements is presented in Appendix 6.
3 Data rounded up to higher or lower %.
4 Mineral Sands activity fully consolidated in the Group’s accounts as of 1st July 2018, versus 50% previously.


§  Appendix 5: Performance indicators

Operating performance by division

(€ millions) Manganese Nickel Mineral Lithium PERFORMANCE Holding and Total
      Sands * ALLOYS Eliminations  
Financial year 2019              
Sales 1 765  778  286  847  (5) 3 671 
EBITDA 560  38  106  (26) (48) 630 
Current operating income 459  (58) 64  (68) (56) 341 
Net cash generated by operating activities 206  (17) 55  (13) (84) (61) 86 
Industrial investments (intangible assets and property plan and equipment) 234  35  12  101  53  20  455 
Financial year 2018              
Sales 1 857  738  212    1 020  (2) 3 825 
EBITDA 784  (18) 62    46  (31) 843 
Current operating income 699  (111) 35    (8) (34) 581 
Net cash generated by operating activities 499  (21) 41    (1) (69) 449 
Industrial investments (intangible assets and property plan and equipment) 140  57  12    60  12  281 
* BU into Holding Eliminations till 31st december 2018              

Sales and investments by region

(€ millions) France Europe North Asia Oceania Africa South Total
      America       America  
Sales (sales destination)                
Financial year 2019 320  1 274  599  1 309  37  86  46  3 671 
Financial year 2018 362  1 315  629  1 346  30  87  56  3 825 
Industrial investments (intangible assets and property plan and equipment)              
Financial year 2019 76  42  30  198  101  455 
Financial year 2018 78  38  49  110  281 
Non-current assets (excluding deferred tax assets)                
31/12/2019 651  506  47  37  575  1 380  103  3 299 
31/12/2018 644  349  38  42  545  1 417  3 039 

Consolidated performance indicators – Income statement

(€ millions) Financial year Financial year
  2019 2018
Sales 3 671  3 825 
EBITDA 630  843 
Amortisation and depreciation of non-current assets (284) (260)
Provision for risk and expenses (5) (2)
Current operating income 341  581 
Impairment of assets (25) (104)
Other operating income and expenses (93) (12)
Operating income 223  465 
Financial income (134) (95)
Share of income from associates (7) (3)
Income taxes (227) (241)
Net income for the period (145) 126 
- Attributable to non-controlling interests 39  73 
- Attributable to the Groupe (184) 53 
Basic earning per share (€) (6,93) 2,00 


Consolidated performance indicators – Net financial debt flow table

(€ millions) Financial year Financial year
  2019 2018
Operating activities    
EBITDA 630  843 
Cash impact ot items in EBITDA (420) (345)
Cash flow from operations 210  498 
Change in WCR (124) (49)
Net cash generated by operating activities (1) 86  449 
Investing activities    
Industrial investments (455) (281)
Other investments flows 11  (379)
Net cash used in investing activities (2) (444) (660)
Net cash used in financing activities (117) (123)
Impact of fluctuation in exchange rate and other (6) (7)
Right of use relating to lease contracts acquisition (IFRS16) (12)  
(Increase) / Decrease in net financial debt (493) (341)
(Net financial debt)  opening (717) (376)
IFRS 16 Impact (94)  
(Net financial debt)  opening restated * (811) (376)
(Net financial debt)  closing (1 304) (717)
Free Cash Flow (1) + (2) (358) (211)
* Restated for the first-time application of IFRS 16 as of January 1, 2019    


Consolidated performance indicators – Balance sheet

(€ millions) 31/12/2019 31/12/2018
Non-curent assets 3 294  3 030 
Inventories 1 098  958 
Trade receivables 362  390 
Trade payables (458) (413)
Simplified Working Capital 1 002  935 
Other Working Capital items (242) (319)
Total Working Capital Requirements (WCR) 760  616 
TOTAL 4 054  3 646 
(€ millions) 31/12/2019 31/12/2018
Equity attributable to owners of the parent 1 398  1 605 
Non-controlling interests 241  303 
Shareholders’ equity 1 639  1 908 
Cash and cash equivalents and current f inancial assets (920) (1 366)
Borrowings 2 224  2 083 
Net financial debt 1 304  717 
Net financial debt/shareholders’ equity (Gearing) 80% 38%
Provisions and employee-related liabilities 877  794 
Net deferred tax 214  201 
Derivatives 20  26 
TOTAL 4 054  3 646 


§  Appendix 6: Reconciliation Group Reporting and published financial statements

(€ millions)   Financial Year Contribution of Financial Year   Financial Year Contribution of Financial Year
    2019 joint ventures 2019   2018 joint ventures 2018
    Published (1)   Adjusted (2)   Published (1)   Adjusted (2)
Sales   3 671  3 671    3 725  100  3 825 
EBITDA   630  630    828  15  843 
Current Operating income   341  341    574  581 
Operating income   223  223    398  67  465 
Net Income - Group share   (184) (184)   53  (0) 53 
Net cash generated by operating activities   86  86    437  12  449 
Industrial investments   455  455    278  281 
(Net financial debt)   (1 304) (1 304)   (717) (717)
Shareholder's equity   1 639  1 639    1 909  (1) 1 908 
Shareholder's equity - Group share   1 398  1 398    1 606  (1) 1 605 
(1) Published data with joint-ventures consolidated using the equity method as per current regulations        
(2) Data from groupe reporting where joint ventures are consolidated porportionnaly till the 31st december 2018. Starting 1st january, all joints ventures are consolidate regarding the equity method.


§  Appendix 7: IFRS 16

(€ millions)   Information First Information
    31/12/2018 Application 01/01/2019
    published IFRS 16 with IFRS16
Rights of use relating to lease contracts     94  94 
Non-current assets   3 023  94  3 117 
Current Assets   2 972  2 972 
TOTAL ASSETS   5 995  94  6 089 
(€ millions)   Information First Information
    31/12/2018 Application 01/01/2019
    published IFRS 16 with IFRS16
Attributable to equity holders of the parent company   1 606  1 606 
Attributable to non-controlling interests   303    303 
Shareholders’ equity   1 909  1 909 
Lease obligation due in more than one year     86  86 
Non-current liabilities   2 676  86  2 762 
Lease obligation due in less than one year    
Current liabilities   1 410  1 418 
TOTAL LIABILITIES   5 995  94  6 089 

(en millions d'euros) Financial Year   Financial Year
  2019 IFRS16 2019
  published Impact with IAS17
Revenue 3 671    3 671 
Other income / expense 13    13 
Cost of goods sold (2 832) (17) (2 849)
Administrative and sellong expenses (196) (1) (197)
Research and development costs (25) (25)
EBITDA 630  (18) 612 
Depreciation of fixed assets and provisions for contingencies and losses (289) 14  (275)
Current operating income 341  (4) 337 
Other operating income (118) (0) (118)
Operating income 223  (4) 219 
Financial profit (loss) (134) 10  (123)
Share of income from joint ventures and associates (7) (7)
Income tax (227) (2) (229)
Net income for the period (145) (141)
- Attributable to non-controlling interests 39  39 
- Attributable to equity holders of the parent company (184) (180)


 §   Appendix 8: Financial glossary

Consolidated performance indicators

The consolidated performance indicators used for the financial reporting of the Group’s results and economic performance and presented in this document are restated data from the Group’s reporting and are monitored by the Executive Committee. In accordance with the accounting policies adopted for the Group’s reporting, the operating performance of the joint-ventures have been accounted for under proportional consolidation until 2018: the TiZir subgroup (Mineral Sands BU, Mining and Metals Division) until 30 June and the UKAD Company (High Performance Alloys Division) until 31 December.

A reconciliation of Group sales with the published data is presented in Appendix 1.

Sales at constant scope and exchange rates

Sales at constant scope and exchange rates corresponds to sales adjusted for the impact of the changes in scope and the fluctuations in the exchange rate from one year to the next.

The scope effect is calculated as follows: for the companies acquired during the financial year, by eliminating the sales for the current period and for the companies acquired during the previous period by integrating, in the previous period, the full-year sales; for the companies sold, by eliminating the sales during the period considered and during the previous comparable period.

The exchange rate effect is calculated by applying the exchange rates of the previous year to the sales for the year under review.

EBITDA (“Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortisation”)

Earnings before financial revenue and other operating expenses and income, income tax, contingencies and loss provision, and amortisation and impairment of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets.

SLN’s cash-cost

SLN’s cash-cost is defined as all production and fixed costs (R&D including exploration geology, administrative expenses, logistical and commercial expenses), net of by-products credits including nickel ore exports and local services, which cover all the stages of industrial development of the finished product until delivery to the end customer and which impact the EBITDA in the company’s financial statements, over tonnage sold.

SLN break-even cost

The break-even cost of SLN is defined as SLN’s cash-cost as defined above, plus capex (actual capex versus yearly tonnage for annual accounts; projected capex and projected tonnage for the current year) non-recurring income and expenses, and financial expenses (recognised in SLN’s corporate financial statements).


1 Manganese, nickel, mineral sands and lithium


2 Net debt-to-equity ratio


3 In particular, the monthly average January manganese ore price came out at $4.3/dmtu and nickel prices at $6.15/lb ($13,595/t)


4 As a reminder, China accounted for approximately 1/3 of Eramet group sales in 2019


5 Audit procedures for the 2019 consolidated financial statements are complete. The certification report will be issued after the Board of Directors’ meeting held on 12 March 2020, which will set the draft shareholders’ resolutions


6 FR2 = number of lost time and recordable injury accidents for 1 million hours worked (employees and subcontractors)


7 The scope effect is owing to i) the full consolidation of Mineral Sands activity in the Group’s reporting as of 1st July 2018, following the acquisition of shares in Mineral Deposits Limited, an Australian company that held a 50% stake in TiZir. and ii) the consolidation by equity method of UKAD (High Performance Alloys division) as of 1st January 2019.


8 See Financial glossary in Appendix 8


9 Excl. IFRS 16 impact and excl. French government loan to SLN


10 Eramet estimations based on World Steel Association (“WSA”) production data available for 2019 excluding data regarding inventories levels at Chinese ports (Eramet estimations)


11 Change calculated based on average monthly prices: CRU index (manganese ore and alloys)


12 SLN, ENI and others


13 Eramet estimations


14 Low-grade nickel ferroalloys


15 LME: London Metal Exchange; SHFE: Shanghai Futures Exchange


16 Ban on the export of nickel ore produced in Indonesia as of 1st January 2020


17 CNFEOL: China Ferroalloy Online


18Over a 5-year period


19 Mwmt: millions of wet metric tonnes; kth: thousands of wet metric tonnes


20 After being granted a 10-year authorisation by the local government to export 4 Mth a year of low-grade nickel ore and signing new agreements on working times in mines and plant


21 This proposal represents an initial step in lowering energy prices as of 1st January 2020, leading to a flat-rate reduction of €8.5m per year, subject to conditions, assuming that the price of nickel is below $6.5/lb. Conversely, if the price of nickel on the international markets exceeded $10.0/lb, SLN has committed to return part of its profits for a maximum flat-rate amount of €8.5m per year.


22 At end-2018, kick-start of the rescue plan


23 Source Zircon premium:, Eramet analysis


24 Source: Market consulting, Eramet analysis


25 OEE: Overall Equipment Efficiency reflects the intensity of mining production (real production / maximum theoretical production)


26 Titanium-related ore (ilmenite, rutile and leucoxene) and zircon


27 Aubert & Duval, EHA and others


28 Excl. UKAD sales, accounted for using the equity method as of 1st January 2019 (2018 UKAD sales: €44m)


29 In particular, the monthly average January manganese ore price came out at $4.3/dmtu and nickel prices at $6.15/lb ($13,595/t)


30 China accounted for approximately 1/3 of Eramet group sales in 2019




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