Donnerstag, 29.07.2021 07:00 von GlobeNewswire | Aufrufe: 306

ArcelorMittal reports second quarter 2021 and half year 2021 results

Arbeiter in einem Stahlwerk (Symbolbild). © industryview / iStock / Getty Images Plus / Getty Images https://www.gettyimages.de/

Luxembourg, July 29, 2021 - ArcelorMittal (referred to as “ArcelorMittal” or the “Company”) (MT (New York, Amsterdam, Paris, Luxembourg), MTS (Madrid)), the world’s leading integrated steel and mining company, today announced results1,2 for the three-month and six-month periods ended June 30, 2021.


Key highlights:

  • Health and safety performance: Protecting the health and wellbeing of employees remains the Company’s overarching priority; LTIF rate3 of 0.89x in 2Q 2021 and 0.83x in 1H 2021
  • Significantly improved operating performance in 2Q 2021, with the continuing demand recovery supporting a further positive evolution of steel spreads and 2.4% sequential increase in steel shipments to 16.1Mt (vs. scope adjusted4 15.6Mt in 1Q 2021)
  • 2Q 2021 operating income of $4.4bn compares to $2.6bn in 1Q 2021; 1H 2021 operating income of $7.1bn
  • EBITDA of $5.1bn in 2Q 2021, the strongest quarter since 2008 and 55.8% higher than 1Q 2021; 1H 2021 EBITDA of $8.3bn represents the strongest half year performance since 2008
  • Share of JV and associates net income in 2Q 2021 further improved to $0.6bn, reflecting continued strong performance at AMNS India8 and AMNS Calvert9; 1H 2021 share of JV and associates net income $1.0bn
  • Net income of $4.0bn in 2Q 2021 vs. $2.3bn in 1Q 2021; 1H 2021 net income of $6.3bn (vs. adjusted net loss in 1H 2020 of $0.9bn)7 represents the strongest half year performance since 2008
  • Free cash flow18 of $1.7bn generated in 2Q 2021 ($2.3bn net cash provided by operating activities less capex of $0.6bn) includes a further $1.9bn investment in working capital on account of higher market prices; this brings the 1H 2021 free cash flow generated to $2.0bn ($3.3bn net cash provided by operating activities less capex of $1.2bn less minority dividends $0.1bn) despite a total $3.5bn investment in working capital
  • Gross debt declined to $9.2bn (vs. $11.4bn as end of 1Q 2021 and $12.3bn as end of 2020) and net debt declined to $5.0bn (vs. $5.9bn as end of 1Q 2021 and $6.4bn as end of 2020)
  • Since April 1, 2021, the Company returned $1.6bn to shareholders through share buybacks and the payment of the annual base dividend. Total returns to shareholders since September 2020 now total $2.8bn

Strategic update and outlook:

  • Leadership on decarbonization: New Group CO2 reduction target of 25% by 2030; new Europe CO2 reduction target of 35% (previously 30%) by 2030 includes the acceleration of DRI-EAF investments and the world’s first full scale zero carbon-emissions steel plant at Sestao, Spain; the new group decarbonization plan requires an estimated gross investment (pre-government funding) of $10bn
  • Capex update: FY 2021 capex is expected to increase to $3.2bn from previous guidance of $2.9bn to reflect the impacts of higher volumes and capacity utilization – the Company’s operating plan (including the number of tools utilized) has changed to reflect the strength of the demand environment
  • Demand outlook improving: The Company has upgraded its global apparent steel consumption (ASC) forecast in 2021 vs. 2020 from +7.5% to +8.5% (from previous growth estimate of +4.5% to +5.5%)
  • New $2.2bn share buy-back program: The Company will return the $1.2bn proceeds from the redeemed Cleveland Cliffs preference shares and has decided to advance $1bn as part of its prospective 2022 capital return to shareholders (equivalent to 50% of 1H 2021 FCF) as a share buy back program to be completed by the end of 2021

Financial highlights (on the basis of IFRS1,2):

(USDm) unless otherwise shown 2Q 21 1Q 21 2Q 20 1H 21 1H 20
Sales 19,343    16,193    10,976    35,536    25,820   
Operating income / (loss) 4,432    2,641    (253)   7,073    (606)  
Net income / (loss) attributable to equity holders of the parent 4,005    2,285    (559)   6,290    (1,679)  
Basic earnings / (loss) per common share (US$) 3.47    1.94    (0.50)   5.40    (1.57)  
           
Operating income/ (loss) / tonne (US$/t) 276    160    (17)   217    (18)  
EBITDA 5,052    3,242    707    8,294    1,674   
EBITDA/ tonne (US$/t) 314    197    48    255    49   
           
Crude steel production (Mt) 17.8 17.6 14.4 35.4 35.5
Steel shipments (Mt) 16.1 16.5 14.8 32.6 34.3
Total group iron ore production (Mt) 11.2    13.3    13.5    24.5    27.9   
Iron ore production (Mt) (AMMC and Liberia only) 4.9    7.3    6.7    12.2    13.5   
Iron ore shipment (Mt) (AMMC and Liberia only) 4.6    7.4    6.8    12.0    13.3   

Note: As previously announced, effective 2Q 2021, ArcelorMittal has amended its presentation of reportable segment to report only the operations of AMMC and Liberia within the Mining segment. The results of every other mine is accounted for within the steel segments that it primarily supplies. As from 2Q 2021 onwards, ArcelorMittal Italia is deconsolidated and accounted as a joint venture.

Commenting, Mr. Aditya Mittal, ArcelorMittal Chief Executive Officer, said:
“In addition to our half year results, we have today also published our second group Climate Action Report, which sets out our intent to be at the forefront of the transition to net zero in our sector. This intent is reflected in the new targets announced in the report – a new group-wide target of a 25% reduction in carbon emissions by 2030, and an increase in the target for our European business, to 35% by 2030. These targets are the most ambitious in our sector and build on the progress we have already made this year. In recent weeks we announced plans for ArcelorMittal to have the world’s first full-scale zero carbon-emissions steel plant. Earlier this year we launched XCarb™, our new brand for all low-carbon initiatives including green steel certificates13, low carbon products, and the XCarb™ innovation fund which is investing in new technologies associated with the decarbonization of the steel industry. To achieve net zero by 2050, accelerating progress in the next decade is vital and ArcelorMittal is committed to seeing how we can move faster, working collaboratively with stakeholders in the regions we operate.”

“On the financial side, the second quarter has seen a continued strong recovery backdrop alongside a sustained lean inventory environment. This resulted in even healthier spreads in our core markets than in the first three months of the year, supporting the best quarterly and half year result we have reported since 2008. This has enabled us to further improve our balance sheet and deliver on our commitment to return cash to shareholders. Our performance is clearly very welcome after the unprecedented disruption the business and our people faced in 2020. I would like to thank all our employees again for the way in which they managed this volatility and have been able to quickly bring production back online to maximize the opportunity from the current extraordinary market conditions."

“Looking forward, we see the demand outlook further improving into the second half and have therefore upgraded our steel consumption forecasts for the year.”

Sustainable development and safety performance

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Health and safety - Own personnel and contractors lost time injury frequency rate
Protecting the health and wellbeing of employees remains the Company’s overarching priority with ongoing strict adherence to World Health Organization guidelines (in respect of COVID-19), and specific government guidelines have been followed and implemented. We continue to ensure extensive monitoring, with stringent sanitary practices and social distancing measures at all operations and have implemented remote working wherever possible and provided essential personal protective equipment to our people.

Health and safety performance based on own personnel and contractors lost time injury frequency (LTIF) rate was 0.89x in the second quarter of 2021 ("2Q 2021") as compared to 0.78x for the first quarter of 2021 ("1Q 2021"). Prior period figures have not been recast for the ArcelorMittal USA disposal which took place in December 2020 and exclude ArcelorMittal Italia (which is now accounted for under the equity method) for all periods.

Health and safety performance in the first six months of 2021 (“1H 2021”) was 0.83x as compared to 0.63x in the first six months of 2020 (“1H 2020”).

The Company’s efforts to improve its health and safety record aim to strengthen the safety of its workforce with an absolute focus on eradicating fatalities.

A change to the Company’s executive remuneration policy has been made to reflect the renewed safety focus. This includes a substantial increase in the proportion of the short-term incentive plan that is linked to safety, as well as a tangible link to broader ESG topics in the long-term incentive plan.

Own personnel and contractors - Frequency rate

Lost time injury frequency rate 2Q 21 1Q 21 2Q 20 1H 21 1H 20
NAFTA 0.17    0.71    0.51    0.43    0.60   
Brazil 0.26    0.17    0.14    0.22    0.31   
Europe 1.41    0.94    0.93    1.16    0.94   
ACIS 1.03    1.02    0.48    1.02    0.70   
Mining 0.71    0.62    —    0.68    0.19   
Total 0.89    0.78    0.50    0.83    0.63   

Key sustainable development highlights for 2Q 2021:

During 2Q 2021, the Company highlighted:

  • New Climate action report published July 2021: New Group CO2 reduction target of 25% by 2030 which includes an acceleration of the Europe CO2 reduction target to 35% by 2030 (from 30% by 2030 previously); the new targets will require an estimated gross investment (pre-government support) of $10 billion through 203022
  • The world’s first full scale zero carbon-emissions steel plant announced: In line with its new accelerated targets, the Company has announced the first full scale zero carbon-emissions (scopes 1+2) steel plant at Sestao (Spain)
  • ArcelorMittal has agreed to partner with the Science-Based Targets initiative (SBTI) to support their development of a 1.5OC methodology for the steel industry: A key input to this process will be the work of the Net Zero Steel Pathway Methodology Project, established and led by four steel companies including ArcelorMittal over the past 15 months, alongside Worldsteel and ResponsibleSteel™. The SBTI project is expected to be completed in 2022
  • Investments in the Company's recently launched XcarbTM Innovation fund: On June 8, 2021, ArcelorMittal announced the completion of its first investment since the launch of the fund with an initial $10 million investment in Heliogen, a renewable energy technology company which focuses on ‘unlocking the power of sunlight to replace fossil fuels’. Heliogen’s technology will harness solar energy by using a field of mirrors which will act as a multi-acre magnifying glass to concentrate and capture sunlight. The sunlight will then be subsequently converted into heat (HelioHeat™), electricity (HelioPower™) or clean fuels (HelioFuel™). All three Heliogen products have the potential to be applicable to the steelmaking process and support the steel industry’s transition to carbon-neutrality.

On July 21, 2021, ArcelorMittal announced it has completed its second investment in the Company’s recently launched XCarb™ innovation fund, serving as lead investor in Form Energy’s $200 million Series D financing round, with a $25 million equity injection. Form Energy, which was founded in 2017, is working to accelerate the development of its breakthrough low-cost energy storage technology to enable a reliable, secure, and fully-renewable electric grid year-round. Alongside the $25 million investment, ArcelorMittal and Form Energy have signed a joint development agreement to explore the potential for ArcelorMittal to provide iron, tailored to specific requirements, to Form Energy as the iron input into their battery technology.

  • ResponsibleSteel™ site certification in Belgium, Germany and Luxembourg: On July 20, 2021 ArcelorMittal announced that it has achieved ResponsibleSteel™ site certification in Belgium (Geel, Genk, Gent and Liège), Luxembourg (Belval, Differdange and Rodange) and Germany (Bremen and Eisenhüttenstadt). These are the first steel plants globally to be independently audited and found to meet the standards required for ResponsibleSteel, the industry’s first global multi-stakeholder standard and certification initiative, having met rigorously defined standards across a broad range of social, environmental and governance criteria including: Climate change and greenhouse gas emissions; Water stewardship and biodiversity; Human rights and labour rights; Community relations and business integrity. ArcelorMittal Europe Flat Products plans to achieve full certification of all sites by the end of 2022.
  • Further investments to progress its digital transformation in Dunkirk: On July 6, 2021, ArcelorMittal inaugurated its first Digital Lab, located in Dunkirk (Nord), near its largest steel production site in Europe, with the support of local, regional and national public authorities. The Digital Lab will bring together other manufacturers, start-ups, universities and local digital players, with the aim of bringing the best of digital innovation to the steel industry and accelerating ArcelorMittal's digital transformation.
  • New highly sustainable product launched for use in extreme climates: On May 2021, ArcelorMittal launched a new product designed for use in extreme climates. Granite® HDXtreme is the latest pre-painted steel in ArcelorMittal’s organic coated Granite® range. It has a coating system that provides high levels of protection against UV and corrosion, designed for roofs and façades on buildings near the sea, and its performance is guaranteed for up to 40 years. Chromates and heavy metals-free, and 100% recyclable, Granite® HDXtreme is highly sustainable: it has a lower CO2 footprint compared with alternative solutions such as aluminum.

Analysis of results for the six months ended June 30, 2021 versus results for the six months ended June 30, 2020
Total steel shipments for 1H 2021 were 32.6 million metric tonnes (Mt) representing a decrease of 5.2% as compared to 34.3Mt in 1H 2020. Steel shipments on a scope adjusted basis (i.e. excluding the shipments of ArcelorMittal USA, sold to Cleveland Cliffs on December 9, 2020, and ArcelorMittal Italia14, deconsolidated as from April 14, 2021), increased by 13.4% as economic activity continued to recover. All segments experienced year on year shipment growth: Europe +11.5% (scope adjusted basis), Brazil +32.3%, ACIS +7.7% and NAFTA +18.4% (scope adjusted basis).

Sales for 1H 2021 increased by 37.6% to $35.5 billion as compared with $25.8 billion for 1H 2020, primarily due to higher average steel selling prices (41.5%) partly offset by lower steel shipments (5.2%) following the disposal of ArcelorMittal USA and the deconsolidation of ArcelorMittal Italia.

Depreciation of $1.2 billion for 1H 2021 as compared with $1.5 billion in 1H 2020 was broadly stable on a scope adjusted basis. The FY 2021 depreciation expense is expected to be approximately $2.6 billion (based on current exchange rates).

There were no impairment charges for 1H 2021. Impairment charges for 1H 2020 were $92 million and related to the permanent closure of the coke plant in Florange (France), at the end of April 2020.

There were no exceptional items for 1H 2021. Exceptional items for 1H 2020 were $678 million due to inventory related charges in NAFTA and Europe.

Operating income for 1H 2021 of $7.1 billion was primarily driven by positive steel price-cost effects (due to improved demand, which coupled with lean inventories supported significant increases in steel spreads and which, due to order book lags, are not yet fully reflected in results) and improved iron ore reference prices (+100.6%). The operating loss for 1H 2020 of $0.6 billion was primarily driven by the impairment and exceptional items discussed above, and lower steel spreads and iron ore market prices.

Income from associates, joint ventures and other investments for 1H 2021 was $1.0 billion as compared to $127 million for 1H 2020. 1H 2021 income is significantly higher on account of improved contribution from AMNS India8 , AMNS Calvert (Calvert)9 and other investees as well as the annual dividend received from Erdemir of $89 million. 1H 2020 income from associates, joint ventures and other investments was negatively impacted by COVID-19.

Net interest expense in 1H 2021 was lower at $167 million as compared to $227 million in 1H 2020 following debt repayments and liability management. The Company continues to expect full year 2021 net interest expense to be approximately $0.3 billion.

Foreign exchange and other net financing losses were $427 million for 1H 2021 as compared to losses of $415 million for 1H 2020.

  • Foreign exchange loss for 1H 2021 was $147 million as compared to a gain of $12 million in 1H 2020.
  • 1H 2021 includes non-cash mark-to-market gains of $37 million related to the mandatory convertible bonds call option following the market price increase of the underlying share while 1H 2020 included a loss of $117 million.
  • 1H 2021 and 1H 2020 also include early bond redemption premium expenses of $130 million and $66 million, respectively.
  • 1H 2021 pension expenses are lower by $0.1 billion following the disposal of ArcelorMittal USA.

ArcelorMittal recorded an income tax expense of $946 million for 1H 2021 (including $391 million deferred tax benefit) as compared to $524 million for 1H 2020 (which included $262 million deferred tax expense).

ArcelorMittal’s net income for 1H 2021 was $6,290 million, or $5.40 basic earnings per common share, as compared to a net loss in 1H 2020 of $1,679 million, or $1.57 basic loss per common share.

Analysis of results for 2Q 2021 versus 1Q 2021 and 2Q 2020
Adjusted for the change in scope (i.e., excluding the shipments of ArcelorMittal Italia14), steel shipments in 2Q 2021 increased 2.4% as compared with 15.6Mt in 1Q 20214, as economic activity continued to recover. All segments experienced quarter-on-quarter shipment growth: Europe +1.0% (scope adjusted basis), Brazil +3.3%, ACIS +8.0% and NAFTA +3.2%. Total steel shipments in 2Q 2021 of 16.1Mt were +30.6% higher than 2Q 2020 on a scope adjusted basis (excluding ArcelorMittal Italia and ArcelorMittal USA): Europe +32.4% (scope adjusted); NAFTA +45.7% (scope adjusted); ACIS +17.0%; Brazil +43.9%.

Sales in 2Q 2021 were $19.3 billion as compared to $16.2 billion for 1Q 2021 and $11.0 billion for 2Q 2020. As compared to 1Q 2021, the 19.5% increase in sales was primarily due to higher realized average steel selling prices (+20.3%), offset in part by lower mining revenue due to lower shipment volumes (primarily due to the impact of a 4 week labour strike action and subsequent ramp up to full operations) at AMMC. Sales in 2Q 2021 were +76.2% higher as compared to 2Q 2020 primarily due to higher average steel selling prices (+61.3%), higher steel shipments (+8.1%), and significantly higher iron ore reference prices (+114%), partially offset by the impact of lower iron ore shipments (-33.5%).

Depreciation for 2Q 2021 was $620 million as compared to $601 million for 1Q 2021, and significantly lower than $739 million in 2Q 2020 (due in part to the deconsolidation of ArcelorMittal Italia as from mid-April 2021 and sale of ArcelorMittal USA from December 2020).

There were no exceptional items for 2Q 2021 and 1Q 2021. Exceptional items in 2Q 2020 of $221 million consisted of inventory related charges in NAFTA.

Operating income for 2Q 2021 was $4.4 billion as compared to $2.6 billion in 1Q 2021 and an operating loss of $253 million in 2Q 2020 (impacted by the exceptional item as discussed above). The increased operating income for 2Q 2021 as compared to 1Q 2021 reflects a positive price-cost effect in the steel business, improved steel shipments (on a scope adjusted basis) offset in part by weaker Mining segment performance (driven by lower iron ore shipments volumes offset in part by higher iron ore reference prices).

Income from associates, joint ventures and other investments for 2Q 2021 was $590 million as compared to $453 million for 1Q 2021 and loss of $15 million in 2Q 2020. 2Q 2021 is significantly higher on account of improved results from AMNS India8, Calvert9 and Chinese investees15, whilst 1Q 2021 also included dividend income from Erdemir of $89 million.

Net interest expense in 2Q 2021 was lower at $76 million as compared to $91 million in 1Q 2021 and $112 million in 2Q 2020, mainly due to savings following the repayments of bonds.

Foreign exchange and other net financing losses in 2Q 2021 was $233 million as compared to losses of $194 million in 1Q 2021 and gains of $36 million in 2Q 2020.

  • Foreign exchange loss in 2Q 2021 of $29 million, compares to $118 million loss in 1Q 2021 and $123 million gain for 2Q 2020, and includes non-cash mark-to-market gain of $33 million related to the mandatory convertible bonds call option (such impacts in 1Q 2021 and in 2Q 2020 were not material).
  • 2Q 2021 also included early bond redemption premium expenses of $130 million.

ArcelorMittal recorded an income tax expense of $542 million (including deferred tax benefit of $226 million) in 2Q 2021 as compared to $404 million (including deferred tax benefit of $165 million) for 1Q 2021 and $184 million (including deferred tax expense of $84 million) for 2Q 2020.

ArcelorMittal recorded net income for 2Q 2021 of $4,005 million ($3.47 basic earnings per common share), as compared to net income of $2,285 million for 1Q 2021 ($1.94 basic earnings per common share), and a net loss of $559 million for 2Q 2020 ($0.5 basic loss per common share).

Analysis of segment operations

As previously announced, following the Company’s steps to streamline and optimize the business, primary responsibility for captive mining operations have been moved to the Steel segments (which are primary consumers of the mines' output). The Mining segment will retain primary responsibility for the operation of ArcelorMittal Mines Canada (AMMC) and Liberia, and will continue to provide technical support to all mining operations within the Group. As a result, effective 2Q 2021, ArcelorMittal has amended its presentation of reportable segments to reflect this organizational change, as required by IFRS. Only the operations of AMMC and Liberia are reported within the Mining segment. The results of each other mine are accounted for within the steel segments that it primarily supplies.

NAFTA

(USDm) unless otherwise shown 2Q 21 1Q 21 2Q 20 1H 21 1H 20
Sales 3,242    2,536    2,793    5,778    7,129   
Operating income / (loss) 675    261    (342)   936    (452)  
Depreciation (71)   (71)   (151)   (142)   (292)  
Exceptional items —    —    (221)   —    (462)  
EBITDA 746    332    30    1,078    302   
Crude steel production (kt) 2,272    2,175    3,698    4,447    9,201   
Steel shipments (kt) 2,590    2,511    3,797    5,101    9,333   
Average steel selling price (US$/t) 1,062    850    670    957    697   

NAFTA segment crude steel production increased by 4.5% to 2.3Mt in 2Q 2021, as compared to 2.2Mt in 1Q 2021 following an improvement in demand and the recovery of Mexican operations post disruptions due to severe weather in the prior quarter.

Steel shipments in 2Q 2021 increased by 3.2% to 2.6Mt, as compared to 2.5Mt in 1Q 2021. Adjusted for scope (excluding the impact of ArcelorMittal USA which was sold in December 2020), steel shipments were +45.7% higher in 2Q 2021 as compared to 1.8Mt in 2Q 2020 which was impacted by COVID-19.

Sales in 2Q 2021 increased by 27.8% to $3.2 billion, as compared to $2.5 billion in 1Q 2021, primarily due to a 24.9% increase in average steel selling prices and increase in steel shipments (as discussed above).

Exceptional items for 2Q 21 and 1Q 21 were nil. Exceptional items for 2Q 2020 of $221 million related to inventory charges.

Operating income in 2Q 2021 was $675 million as compared to $261 million in 1Q 2021 and an operating loss of $342 million in 2Q 2020 which was impacted by exceptional items noted above and by the COVID-19 pandemic.

EBITDA in 2Q 2021 of $746 million was higher as compared to $332 million in 1Q 2021, primarily due to a positive price-cost effect and higher shipment volumes as noted above, as well as the impacts of severe weather on our Mexican operations in the prior period. EBITDA in 2Q 2021 was higher as compared to $30 million in 2Q 2020 mainly due to a significant positive price-cost effect.

Brazil

(USDm) unless otherwise shown 2Q 21 1Q 21 2Q 20 1H 21 1H 20
Sales 3,263    2,535    1,204    5,798    2,807   
Operating income 1,028    714    119    1,742    272   
Depreciation (56)   (53)   (52)   (109)   (122)  
EBITDA 1,084    767    171    1,851    394   
Crude steel production (kt) 3,150    3,034    1,692    6,184    4,371   
Steel shipments (kt) 2,964    2,868    2,059    5,832    4,410   
Average steel selling price (US$/t) 1,038    837    550    939    599   

Brazil segment crude steel production increased 3.8% to 3.2Mt in 2Q 2021 as compared to 3.0Mt in 1Q 2021, and was significantly higher as compared to 1.7Mt in 2Q 2020 when production was adapted to match the reduced demand levels driven by the COVID-19 pandemic.

Steel shipments in 2Q 2021 increased by 3.3% to 3.0Mt as compared to 2.9Mt in 1Q 2021, primarily due to a 5.6% increase in flat product shipments (with increased exports), and higher long products shipments (up +0.8%). Steel shipments were 44% higher in 2Q 2021 as compared to 2.1Mt in 2Q 2020 due to both higher flat and long products.

Sales in 2Q 2021 increased by 28.7% to $3.3 billion as compared to $2.5 billion in 1Q 2021, following a 24.1% increase in average steel selling prices and a 3.3% increase in steel shipments.

Operating income in 2Q 2021 of $1,028 million was higher as compared to $714 million in 1Q 2021 and $119 million in 2Q 2020 (impacted by COVID-19 pandemic).

EBITDA in 2Q 2021 increased by 41.3% to $1,084 million as compared to $767 million in 1Q 2021, primarily due to a positive price-cost effect and higher steel shipments. EBITDA in 2Q 2021 was significantly higher as compared to $171 million in 2Q 2020 primarily due to a positive price-cost effect and higher steel shipments.

Europe

(USDm) unless otherwise shown 2Q 21 1Q 21 2Q 20 1H 21 1H 20
Sales 10,672    9,355    5,800    20,027    13,454   
Operating income /(loss) 1,262    599    (228)   1,861    (654)  
Depreciation (316)   (299)   (355)   (615)   (704)  
Impairment items —    —    —    —    (92)  
Exceptional items —    —    —    —    (191)  
EBITDA 1,578    898    127    2,476    333   
Crude steel production (kt) 9,386    9,697    7,074    19,083    16,986   
Steel shipments (kt) 8,293    9,013    6,817    17,306    16,117   
Average steel selling price (US$/t) 948    813    633    878    636   


Europe segment crude steel production was 3.2% lower at 9.4Mt in 2Q 2021 as compared to 9.7Mt in 1Q 2021 and higher as compared to 7.1Mt in 2Q 2020 (which was impacted by weak demand due to the COVID-19 pandemic). Following the formation of a public-private partnership between Invitalia and Acciaierie d’Italia Holding (ArcelorMittal’s subsidiary party to the lease and purchase agreement for the Ilva business), ArcelorMittal has deconsolidated the assets and liabilities as from mid-April 2021. Adjusted for this change of scope, crude steel production increased by 6.5% in 2Q 2021 as compared to 1Q 2021 primarily due to the restart of BF#B in Ghent, Belgium in March following a major reline where slab inventory had been built up during the downtime to maintain rolling utilization. 
Steel shipments in 2Q 2021 decreased by 8.0% to 8.3Mt as compared to 9.0Mt in 1Q 2021. On a scope adjusted basis excluding ArcelorMittal Italia, steel shipments increased by +1%. Steel shipments were 21.6% higher in 2Q 2021 (32.4% on scope adjusted basis) as compared to 6.8Mt in 2Q 2020 (impacted by COVID-19), with higher flat and long steel shipments.

Sales in 2Q 2021 increased 14.1% to $10.7 billion, as compared to $9.4 billion in 1Q 2021, primarily due to 16.6% higher average selling prices (flat products +17.4% and long products +15.2%).

Operating income in 2Q 2021 was $1,262 million as compared to $599 million in 1Q 2021 and an operating loss of $228 million in 2Q 2020 (impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic).

EBITDA in 2Q 2021 of $1,578 million almost doubled compared to $898 million in 1Q 2021, primarily due to a positive price-cost effect. EBITDA in 2Q 2021 increased significantly as compared to $127 million in 2Q 2020 primarily due to a positive price-cost effect and higher steel shipments.

ACIS

(USDm) unless otherwise shown 2Q 21 1Q 21 2Q 20 1H 21 1H 20
Sales 2,768    2,128    1,224    4,896    2,732   
Operating income / (loss) 923    535    (45)   1,458    (92)  
Depreciation (110)   (110)   (113)   (220)   (239)  
Exceptional items —    —    —    —    (21)  
EBITDA 1,033    645    68    1,678    168   
Crude steel production (kt) 2,975    2,683    1,956    5,658    4,954   
Steel shipments (kt) 2,801    2,595    2,395    5,396    5,009   
Average steel selling price (US$/t) 806    647    408    729    441   

ACIS segment crude steel production in 2Q 2021 was 10.9% higher at 3.0Mt as compared to 2.7Mt at 1Q 2021 primarily due to improved production performance in South Africa. Crude steel production in 2Q 2021 was 52.1% higher as compared to 2.0Mt in 2Q 2020 primarily due to COVID-19 related lockdown measures implemented in South Africa in 2Q 2020.

Steel shipments in 2Q 2021 increased by 8.0% to 2.8Mt as compared to 2.6Mt as at 1Q 2021, mainly due to improved production performance as described above.

Sales in 2Q 2021 increased by 30.1% to $2.8 billion as compared to $2.1 billion in 1Q 2021, primarily due to higher average steel selling prices (+24.6%) and higher steel shipments (+8.0%).

Operating income in 2Q 2021 was $923 million as compared to $535 million in 1Q 2021 and an operating loss of $45 million in 2Q 2020.

EBITDA was $1,033 million in 2Q 2021 as compared to $645 million in 1Q 2021, primarily due to positive price-cost effect and higher steel shipments. EBITDA in 2Q 2021 was significantly higher as compared to $68 million in 2Q 2020, primarily due to positive price-cost effects and significantly higher steel shipments as above.

Mining

(USDm) unless otherwise shown 2Q 21 1Q 21 2Q 20 1H 21 1H 20
Sales 889    1,179    607    2,068    1,131   
Operating income 508    779    268    1,287    415   
Depreciation (56)   (59)   (55)   (115)   (126)  
EBITDA 564    838    323    1,402    541   
Iron ore production (Mt) 4.9 7.3 6.7 12.2 13.5
Iron ore shipment (Mt) 4.6 7.4 6.8 12.0 13.3

Given the sale of ArcelorMittal USA in December 2020, the Company is no longer presenting coal production and shipments in its earnings releases.
Iron ore production (ArcelorMittal Mines Canada (AMMC)10 and Liberia only) decreased in 2Q 2021 by 32.9% as compared to 1Q 2021 and by 27.6% as compared to 2Q 2020. Lower production was primarily due to the impact of a 4 week labour strike action (and subsequent three week ramp up to full operations) at AMMC, and production impacts in Liberia following a rail accident.

Iron ore shipments decreased in 2Q 2021 by 39.2% as compared to 1Q 2021 and by 33.5% as compared to 2Q 2020, primarily driven by lower shipments in AMMC and Liberia as discussed above.

Operating income in 2Q 2021 decreased to $508 million as compared to $779 million in 1Q 2021 and increased as compared to $268 million in 2Q 2020.

EBITDA in 2Q 2021 decreased by 32.7% to $564 million as compared to $838 million in 1Q 2021, reflecting the negative impact of lower iron ore shipments (-39.2%), and higher freight costs offset in part by higher iron ore reference prices (+19.8%) and higher quality premia. EBITDA in 2Q 2021 was significantly higher as compared to $323 million in 2Q 2020, primarily due to higher iron ore reference prices (+114%) offset in part by lower iron ore shipments (-33.5%).

Joint ventures
ArcelorMittal has investments in various joint ventures and associate entities globally. The Company considers Calvert, 50% equity interest) and AMNS India (60% equity interest) joint ventures to be of particular strategic importance, warranting more detailed disclosures to improve the understanding of their operational performance and value to the Group.

Calvert

(USDm) unless otherwise shown 2Q 21 1Q 21 2Q 20 1H 21 1H 20
Production (100% basis) (kt)* 1,234    1,261    632    2,495    1,879   
Steel shipments (100% basis) (kt)** 1,155    1,137    673    2,292    1,895   
EBITDA (100% basis)*** 270    154    (8)   424    63   

* Production: all production of the hot strip mill including processing of slabs on a hire work basis for ArcelorMittal group entities and third parties, including stainless steel slabs.
** Shipments: all shipments including shipments of finished products processed on a hire work basis for ArcelorMittal group entities and third parties, including stainless steel products.
*** EBITDA of Calvert presented as a stand-alone business and in accordance with group policy, following the weighted average method of accounting for cost of sales and inventory.

Calvert’s hot strip mill production during 2Q 2021 totaled 1.2Mt as compared to 1.3Mt in 1Q 2021.

EBITDA*** during 2Q 2021 of $270 million (100% basis) was higher as compared to $154 million in 1Q 2021, largely reflecting the improved market prices.

AMNS India

(USDm) unless otherwise shown 2Q 21 1Q 21 2Q 20 1H 21 1H 20
Crude steel production (100% basis) (kt) 1,831    1,824    1,218    3,655    2,961   
Steel shipments (100% basis) (kt) 1,721    1,705    1,234    3,426    2,703   
EBITDA (100% basis) 607    403    107    1,010    247   

Despite the onset of further lockdowns related to second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic negatively impacting domestic demand, AMNS India was able to maintain robust production levels and utilize its coastal location and divert tonnes from domestic to the export market. As a result, crude steel production in 2Q 2021 remained stable at 1.8Mt as compared 1Q 2021.

AMNS India generated EBITDA of $607 million (100% basis) as compared to $403 million in 1Q 2021.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Net cash provided by operating activities for 2Q 2021 was $2,312 million as compared to $997 million in 1Q 2021 and $302 million in 2Q 2020. Net cash provided by operating activities in 2Q 2021 includes a working capital investment of $1,901 million reflecting higher activity and pricing levels, as compared to a working capital investment of $1,634 million in 1Q 2021 and $392 million in 2Q 2020. Working capital needs in 2021 will be determined by the operating conditions towards the end of the year. We remain focused on maintaining the working capital efficiencies achieved in recent periods.

Capex of $569 million in 2Q 2021 compares to $619 million in 1Q 2021 and $401 million in 2Q 2020.

The FY 2021 capex guidance has been increased to $3.2 billion21 from previous guidance of $2.9 billion to reflect the impacts of higher volumes and capacity utilization – the Company’s operating plan (including the number of tools utilized) has changed to reflect the strength of the demand environment.

Net cash provided by other investing activities in 2Q 2021 of $687 million as compared to $887 million in 1Q 2021 and $37 million in 2Q 2020. 2Q 2021 cash inflow primarily relates to $0.7 billion cash received from the sale of 38.2 million Cleveland Cliffs shares. 1Q 2021 cash inflow primarily relates to $0.6 billion cash received from the sale of 40 million Cleveland Cliffs shares and the recovery of the cash collateral (short-term deposits) for the TSR receivables retained in ArcelorMittal USA after its disposal.

Net cash used in financing activities in 2Q 2021 was $3,780 million as compared to $1,388 million in 1Q 2021 and net cash provided by financing activities of $1,516 million in 2Q 2020. In 2Q 2021, net cash used in financing activities includes an outflow of $2.2 billion primarily related to bond repurchases as summarized below.

  • On April 9, 2021, at maturity, ArcelorMittal repaid all of the outstanding €285 million ($342 million) of its €500 million Fixed Rate Notes due 2021;
  • On June 29, 2021, pursuant to a cash tender offer, ArcelorMittal repurchased €471 million ($562 million) of its EUR denominated 2.25% Notes due 2024 for a total aggregate purchase price including accrued interest of €501 million ($595 million). Following this purchase, €529 million ($625 million) principal amount remained outstanding;
  • On June 29, 2021, pursuant to a cash tender offer, ArcelorMittal repurchased $460 million of its U.S. dollar denominated 3.60% Notes due 2024 for a total aggregate purchase price including accrued interest of $503 million. Following this purchase $290 million principal amount remained outstanding;
  • On June 29, 2021, pursuant to a cash tender offer, ArcelorMittal repurchased $73 million of its U.S. dollar denominated 6.125% notes due 2025 for a total aggregate purchase price including accrued interest of $86 million. Following this purchase, $183 million principal amount remained outstanding; and
  • On June 29, 2021, pursuant to a cash tender offer, ArcelorMittal repurchased $349 million of its U.S. dollar denominated 4.55% notes due 2026 for a total aggregate purchase price including accrued interest of $399 million. Following this purchase, $401 million principal amount remained outstanding.

In 1Q 2021, net cash used in financing activities includes an outflow of $0.6 billion primarily related to $0.3 billion decrease of commercial paper portfolio. Net cash provided by financing activities in 2Q 2020 includes net proceeds from the $2 billion offering of common shares and mandatorily convertible notes ($750 million common shares and $1.25 billion mandatorily convertible notes).

On June 18, 2021, ArcelorMittal announced that it had completed the second share buyback program announced on March 4, 2021. By market close on June 17, 2021, ArcelorMittal had repurchased 17,847,057 shares for a total value of approximately €469 million (equivalent to $570 million) at an approximate average price per share of €26.27. Furthermore, on July 7, 2021, ArcelorMittal announced that it had completed the third share buyback program announced on June 18, 2021 relating to the sale of 38.2 million Cleveland-Cliffs common stock. By market close on July 5, 2021, ArcelorMittal had repurchased 24,458,524 shares for a total value of approximately €630 million (equivalent to $750 million, of which $427 million was paid in June 2021 with $323 million paid in early July 2021) at an approximate average price per share of €25.77. All details are available on the Company’s website at: https://corporate.arcelormittal.com/investors/equity-investors/share-buyback-program.

During 2Q 2021 the Company paid total dividends of $301 million of which $284 million was paid to ArcelorMittal shareholders and $17 million paid to minority shareholders which compares to $65 million in 1Q 2021 related to minority shareholders of AMMC and Bekaert.

Outflows from lease payments and other financing activities (net) were $250 million in 2Q 2021 (lease payments were $49 million for 1Q 2021 and $59 million for 2Q 2020) including $199 million related to cash on deconsolidation of ArcelorMittal Italia.

Gross debt decreased by $2.2 billion to $9.2 billion as of June 30, 2021, as compared to $11.4 billion as of March 31, 2021 and $12.3 billion as of December 31, 2020. As of June 30, 2021, net debt decreased to $5.0 billion as compared to $5.9 billion as of March 31, 2021, primarily driven by free cash flows offset in part by share buy backs and dividends.

As of June 30, 2021, the Company had liquidity of $9.7 billion, consisting of cash and cash equivalents of $4.2 billion ($5.5 billion as of March 31, 2021 and $6.0 billion as of December 31, 2020) and $5.5 billion of available credit lines11.

As of June 30, 2021, the average debt maturity was 5.7 years.

Key recent developments

  • On July 29, 2021, ArcelorMittal announced a new share buyback program in the amount of $2.2 billion under the authorization given by the annual general meeting of shareholders held on June 8, 2021. The Company announced that it will (i) return the proceeds from the redeemed Cleveland Cliffs preference shares and (ii) advance a part of its prospective 2022 capital return to shareholders (to be funded from 2021 surplus cash flow under the capital return policy announced February 2021) by launching this new $2.2bn share buy-back to be completed by end of 2021. This Program will commence August 2, 2021 and is expected to be completed by December 31, 2021, subject to market conditions.
  • On July 28, 2021, ArcelorMittal North America Holding, a wholly owned subsidiary of ArcelorMittal SA, announced it had received approximately $1.2 billion in cash from Cleveland-Cliffs Inc. (‘Cliffs’) related to a purported redemption of Cliffs Series B Participating Redeemable Preferred Stock. The redemption of the preferred stock by Cleveland Cliffs brings the total cash proceeds from the sale of ArcelorMittal USA to $3.1 billion, all of which will have been returned to ArcelorMittal shareholders via share buybacks17.
  • On July 20, 2021, ArcelorMittal announced that it has achieved ResponsibleSteel™ site certification in Belgium, Germany and Luxembourg. The Company’s steelmaking sites in ArcelorMittal Belgium (Geel, Genk, Gent and Liège), Luxembourg (Belval, Differdange and Rodange) and Germany (Bremen and Eisenhüttenstadt) are the first steel plants globally to be independently audited and found to meet the standards required for ResponsibleSteel, the industry’s first global multi-stakeholder standard and certification initiative. The ResponsibleSteel audit process enables each site to prove that its production processes meet rigorously defined standards across a broad range of social, environmental and governance criteria including: Climate change and greenhouse gas emissions; Water stewardship and biodiversity; Human rights and labour rights; Community relations and business integrity.

The standard is based on 12 principles with a variety of criteria and underlying requirements. To be awarded with ResponsibleSteel certification, each site has to undergo a detailed third-party audit, with an independent Certification Committee making the final certification decision. ArcelorMittal worked with international auditor AFNOR and its German subsidiary GUTcert, both specialist companies providing certification and assessment services.

  • On July 13, 2021, ArcelorMittal signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the Spanish Government that will see a €1 billion investment in decarbonization technologies at ArcelorMittal Asturias’ plant in Gijón and that ArcelorMittal Sestao will become the world’s first full-scale zero carbon-emissions steel plant. The investments will reduce CO2 emissions at ArcelorMittal’s Spanish operations by up to 4.8 million tonnes, which represents approximately 50% of emissions, within the next five years20. At the heart of the plan is a 2.3 million tonne green hydrogen direct reduced iron (DRI) unit, complemented by a 1.1 million tonne hybrid electric arc furnace (EAF). This starts the transition of the Gijón plant away from the blast furnace-basic oxygen furnace steelmaking production route to the DRI-EAF production route, which carries a significantly lower carbon footprint. The new DRI - which will be the first of its kind in Spain - and EAF will be in production before the end of 2025. To maximize the emissions reduction potential, ultimately green hydrogen will be used to reduce the iron ore in the DRI, with the EAF powered by renewable electricity. The support of the national and regional governments in this project is crucial as it will enable ArcelorMittal to have access to green hydrogen supplied through a consortium of companies that will cooperate in the construction of the infrastructure required in order to produce hydrogen in the Iberian Peninsula using solar-powered electrolysis and to transport it directly through a network of pipelines. The initiative involves the construction of multiple large-scale solar farms, with hydrogen produced in situ and with the corresponding impact in terms of employment. The Gijón DRI will also feed the company’s Sestao plant, situated approximately 250km from Gijón, where production is already entirely from the electric arc furnace route. This means that by 2025 ArcelorMittal Sestao will produce 1.6 million tonnes of steel and be the world’s first full-scale steel plant to achieve zero carbon-emissions.
  • On June 18, 2021, ArcelorMittal North America Holding, a wholly owned subsidiary of ArcelorMittal SA announced the conclusion of the sale of its remaining 38.2 million common shares in Cleveland-Cliffs Inc. (‘Cleveland-Cliffs’). The value crystallized from the sale of Cleveland-Cliffs common shares was subsequently returned to shareholders via a $750 million share buyback program which was completed on July 7, 2021.
  • On June 8, 2021, the Annual General Meeting and Extraordinary General Meeting of shareholders of ArcelorMittal approved all resolutions by a strong majority. Over 73.5% of the voting rights were represented at the General meeting.

Outlook

Economic activity has progressively improved during 2Q 2021, with a favorable supply demand balance and a low inventory environment following a period of prolonged destocking, supporting increased utilization levels and healthy steel spreads. Based on year-to-date growth and the current economic outlook, ArcelorMittal now expects global apparent steel consumption (“ASC”) to grow further in 2021 by between +7.5% to +8.5% (revised up from previous expectation of +4.5% to +5.5% growth). By region:

  • In the US, ASC is expected to grow within a range of +16% to +18% in 2021 (up from previous guidance of +10.0% to +12.0%), with stronger ASC in flat and long products offset in part by weak pipe and tubes demand due to weak energy;
  • In Europe, ASC is expected to grow within a range of +13% to +15% in 2021 (up from previous guidance of +7.5% to +9.5%); with strong manufacturing (especially machinery and electrical appliances and residential construction) all back to at least pre-crisis levels, with automotive recovering from low levels albeit output limited by shortages in semi-conductors;
  • In Brazil, ASC is expected to continue to expand in 2021 with growth expected in the range of +21% to +23% (up significantly from previous guidance of +6.0% to +8.0%) supported by ongoing construction demand and recovery in the end markets for flat steel;
  • In the CIS, ASC growth in 2021 is expected to recover to within a range of +4% to +6% (unchanged from previous guidance);
  • In India, ASC growth in 2021 is expected to recover to within a range of +15% to +17% (slightly lower than previous guidance of +16% to +18%);
  • As a result, overall World ex-China ASC in 2021 is expected to grow within the range of +12% to +13% (up from previous guidance of +8.5% to +9.5%); and
  • In China, overall demand is expected to continue to grow in 2021 to +3% to +5% supported by ongoing stimulus (up from previous guidance of +1.0% to +3.0%).

ArcelorMittal Condensed Consolidated Statement of Financial Position1

In millions of U.S. dollars Jun 30,

2021
Mar 31,

2021
Dec 31,

2020
ASSETS      
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted funds 4,184    5,474    5,963   
Trade accounts receivable and other 5,586    3,783    3,072   
Inventories 16,286    13,228    12,328   
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 3,344    3,160    2,281   
Asset held for sale12 —    4,854    4,329   
Total Current Assets 29,400    30,499    27,973   
       
Goodwill and intangible assets 4,557    4,212    4,312   
Property, plant and equipment 30,229    29,498    30,622   
Investments in associates and joint ventures 9,090    7,205    6,817   
Deferred tax assets 7,824    7,831    7,866   
Other assets16 4,324    4,404    4,462   
Total Assets 85,424    83,649    82,052   
       
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY      
Short-term debt and current portion of long-term debt 2,639    2,813    2,507   
Trade accounts payable and other 14,076    12,231    11,525   
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities 6,201    5,729    5,596   
Liabilities held for sale12 —    3,271    3,039   
Total Current Liabilities 22,916    24,044    22,667   
       
Long-term debt, net of current portion 6,589    8,552    9,815   
Deferred tax liabilities 1,958    1,812    1,832   
Other long-term liabilities 7,636    7,259    7,501   
Total Liabilities 39,099    41,667    41,815   
       
Equity attributable to the equity holders of the parent 44,165    40,000    38,280   
Non-controlling interests 2,160    1,982    1,957   
Total Equity 46,325    41,982    40,237   
Total Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity 85,424    83,649    82,052   

ArcelorMittal Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations1

  Three months ended Six months ended
In millions of U.S. dollars unless otherwise shown Jun 30,

2021
Mar 31,

2021
Jun 30,

2020
Jun 30,

2021
Jun 30,

2020
Sales 19,343    16,193    10,976    35,536    25,820   
Depreciation (B) (620)   (601)   (739)   (1,221)   (1,510)  
Impairment items5(B) —    —    —    —    (92)  
Exceptional items6 (B) —    —    (221)   —    (678)  
Operating income / (loss) (A) 4,432    2,641    (253)   7,073    (606)  
Operating margin % 22.9  % 16.3  % (2.3) % 19.9  % (2.3) %
           
Income / (loss) from associates, joint ventures and other investments 590    453    (15)   1,043    127   
Net interest expense (76)   (91)   (112)   (167)   (227)  
Foreign exchange and other net financing (loss) / gain (233)   (194)   36    (427)   (415)  
Income / (loss) before taxes and non-controlling interests 4,713    2,809    (344)   7,522    (1,121)  
Current tax expense (768)   (569)   (100)   (1,337)   (262)  
Deferred tax benefit / (expense) 226    165    (84)   391    (262)  
Income tax expense (542)   (404)   (184)   (946)   (524)  
Income / (loss) including non-controlling interests 4,171    2,405    (528)   6,576    (1,645)  
Non-controlling interests income (166)   (120)   (31)   (286)   (34)  
Net income / (loss) attributable to equity holders of the parent 4,005    2,285    (559)   6,290    (1,679)  
           
Basic earnings / (loss) per common share ($) 3.47    1.94    (0.50)   5.40    (1.57)  
Diluted earnings / (loss) per common share ($) 3.46    1.93    (0.50)   5.39    (1.57)  
           
Weighted average common shares outstanding (in millions) 1,154    1,178    1,119    1,165    1,066   
Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding (in millions) 1,157    1,183    1,119    1,168    1,066   
           
OTHER INFORMATION          
EBITDA19 (C = A-B) 5,052    3,242    707    8,294    1,674   
EBITDA Margin % 26.1  % 20.0  % 6.4  % 23.3  % 6.5  %
           
Total group iron ore production (Mt) 11.2 13.3 13.5 24.5 27.9
Crude steel production (Mt) 17.8 17.6 14.4 35.4 35.5
Steel shipments (Mt) 16.1 16.5 14.8 32.6 34.3

ArcelorMittal Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash flows1

  Three months ended Six months ended
In millions of U.S. dollars Jun 30,

2021
Mar 31,

2021
Jun 30,

2020
Jun 30,

2021
Jun 30,

2020
Operating activities:          
Income /(loss) attributable to equity holders of the parent 4,005    2,285    (559)   6,290    (1,679)  
Adjustments to reconcile net income/ (loss) to net cash provided by operations:          
Non-controlling interests income 166    120    31    286    34   
Depreciation and impairment items5 620    601    739    1,221    1,602   
Exceptional items6 —    —    221    —    678   
(Income) / loss from associates, joint ventures and other investments (590)   (453)   15    (1,043)   (127)  
Deferred tax (benefit) / expense (226)   (165)   84    (391)   262   
Change in working capital (1,901)   (1,634)   (392)   (3,535)   (501)  
Other operating activities (net) 238    243    163    481    627   
Net cash provided by operating activities (A) 2,312    997    302    3,309    896   
Investing activities:          
Purchase of property, plant and equipment and intangibles (B) (569)   (619)   (401)   (1,188)   (1,251)  
Other investing activities (net) 687    887    37    1,574    132   
Net cash provided by / (used in) investing activities 118    268    (364)   386    (1,119)  
Financing activities:          
Net (payments) relating to payable to banks and long-term debt (2,232)   (624)   (395)   (2,856)   (619)  
Dividends paid to ArcelorMittal shareholders (284)   —    —    (284)   —   
Dividends paid to minorities (C) (17)   (65)   (7)   (82)   (110)  
Share buyback (997)   (650)   —    (1,647)   —   
Common share offering —    —    740    —    740
Proceeds from Mandatorily Convertible Notes —    —    1,237    —    1237
Lease payments and other financing activities (net) (250)   (49)   (59)   (299)   (118)  
Net cash (used in) / provided by financing activities (3,780)   (1,388)   1,516    (5,168)   1,130   
Net (decrease) / increase in cash and cash equivalents (1,350)   (123)   1,454    (1,473)   907   
Cash and cash equivalents transferred from / (to) assets held for sale 10    (7)   —      —   
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash 47    (106)   (13)   (59)   (144)  
Change in cash and cash equivalents (1,293)   (236)   1,441    (1,529)   763   
           
Free cash flow (D=A+B+C)18 1,726    313    (106)   2,039    (465)  


Appendix 1: Product shipments by region
(1)

(000'kt) 2Q 21 1Q 21 2Q 20 1H 21 1H 20
Flat 1,896    1,822    3,328    3,718    8,181   
Long 794    785    485    1,579    1,331   
NAFTA 2,590    2,511    3,797    5,101    9,333   
Flat 1,599    1,513    1,074    3,112    2,351   
Long 1,381    1,370    994    2,751    2,079   
Brazil 2,964    2,868    2,059    5,832    4,410   
Flat 5,751    6,613    4,649    12,364    11,672   
Long 2,404    2,290    2,054    4,694    4,224   
Europe 8,293    9,013    6,817    17,306    16,117   
CIS 2,097    2,035    2,032    4,132    3,859   
Africa 703    560    361    1,263    1,147   
ACIS 2,801    2,595    2,395    5,396    5,009   

Note: “Others and eliminations” are not presented in the table

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